What’s The Difference? Types Of Windows And Doors Explained

//What’s The Difference? Types Of Windows And Doors Explained

There are many different types of windows and doors that make up the construction of your house. Windows allow natural light to flood your rooms during the day and let in air to keep it fresh and dry.
Doors provide optimum security and insulation as well as a practical way of dividing up spaces in your home.  Your windows and doors also help define the style of your house whether it is traditional or modern.  You can customise nearly any window or door and practically any door to suit your changing tastes and needs.

Here is a brief outline to some of the windows and doors available.

Types Of Windows

Sash Windows
This is a popular classic type and is commonly found in Georgian and Victorian houses and some Edwardian properties.

Sash windows are available in many sizes starting with a one by one (two pane) window unit, also known as a hung window unit. They are also available as a solid wood units or uPVC. This classic window suits many property types, hence it popularity.

As well as fitting in well with a variety of homes, sash windows are a popular choice because they don’t take up any extra space when open. They are opened vertically which the sashes slide up to open and slides down to close.

Casement Windows

These are attached by one or more hinges on the side. There are usually single or  double units. Casements were a popular choice beforew3 sash windows were introduced and is still a popular choice today. Opening outwards to the exterior, their simple design helps to ensure that the interior receives the most possible available light. This window type usually has a leaded strips on the glazing.


Tilt & Turn Windows
This window functions in two ways. The tilt function opens the top of the sash inwards for ventilation, whilst the turn function creates an inward opening side hung operation.Tilt & turn windows can be cleaned from the inside and can also be used as emergency exits. Available in a range of sizes, this window can add a modern look to your home without comprising the practicality.

Types Of Doors


French Doors
Also known as patio doors, French doors refers to a pair of glazed doors that are hinged at each side and meet in the middle. They create a very large space to move in and out of when they are open and is a common door used in  rooms leading to external spaces. Traditionally, French Doors have multiple glass panels, called ‘lites’ but can be designed in a selection of ways to suit your style.



Bi-folding Doors
Also known as concertina doors, this door type is great for saving space and being practical where space is limited. Usually comprising of at least two panels, this unit adds a practical feature as the door folds whilst being opened and pushes back to either the left or right hand side of the frame.


Sliding Doors
Another option for maximising space within your home is sliding door units. This option can create the illusion of a bigger space by providing plenty of natural light. This option is most commonly used as a rear garden doors and balcony units.

Types of Frames


Unplasticised Polyvinyl Chloride abbreviated to UPVC is a common material used mainly on double glazed units for windows and doors. Typically white in colour, this material come in an array of  wooden style finishes. Easy to clean and at a very affordable price, this option is the ‘go-to’ choice for most double glazed units these days.


Wooden frames certainly add aesthetic value and quality to your property more than other materials but require more maintenance. Wooden frames can come in a choice of wood types and varnishes. The down side to this option is the general wear of wood from age. This means over time, if not maintained well enough, replacements may be needed which can be costly depending on your choices.

Types of Glass For Glazing

Tempered Glassw10
Typically stronger than standard glass, this toughened glass has been treated with freezing air. This option is often used where safety plays an imperative role, hence its use in windows. If smashed. this glass will break into small shards rather than large sharp pieces. This glass is also thermally stronger than ordinary glass. You will most likely find this type of glass in vehicles, shower screen doors, glass tables and display cabinets.

Float Glass
The difference between float glass and tempered glass is the method which is used to create them. Float glass is created by melting a combination of raw materials which is then poured on top of a flat surface of tin known as a tin bath. This creates a flat glass that floats (hence it’s name). This then creates glass of a perfect even thickness which requires very little to no further treatments or modifications before use. This glass can be found in various places.

Hope this information was helpful. The Diligent Team.


By |2018-03-19T16:17:16+00:00September 20th, 2015|Categories: Builder’s Advice|Tags: Windows and Doors|